Oil steady Friday as expected OPEC cuts balance high inventory
By Christopher Johnson / Reuters
Petroleumworld 11 30 2018
Oil prices steadied on Friday as expectations that OPEC and Russia would agree some form of production cut next week balanced pressure from swelling inventories.
Both international oil benchmarks, North Sea Brent LCOc1 and U.S. light crude CLc1, have had their weakest month for more than 10 years in November, losing 28 percent and 30 percent respectively as global supply has outstripped demand.
Brent was up 25 cents at $59.76 a barrel by 0910 GMT. U.S. crude was unchanged at $51.45. Both contracts are up about 1 percent this week, the first weekly gains in almost two months.
Surging oil production in the United States, Russia and by members of the Middle East-dominated Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries has helped fill global inventories and create a glut in some markets.
A slowdown in oil demand growth is compounding the emerging oversupply.
GRAPHIC: Russian, U.S. & Saudi crude oil production — tmsnrt.rs/2CTwqaq
“Near-term oversupply has gutted Brent prices,” said Jason Gammel, analyst at U.S. investment bank Jefferies, adding that there was “an increasing urgency to move crude into storage”.
This move is visible in the Brent forward price curve, which now has prices for future delivery above those for immediate dispatch, a structure known as “contango”, which can make it attractive to put oil into storage for later sale.
GRAPHIC: Brent crude oil curve falls into contango — tmsnrt.rs/2R1kFDa
To rein in the glut, OPEC and its main partner Russia are discussing supply cuts and are due to meet in Vienna on Dec. 6 and 7 to agree production strategy.
“The next OPEC meeting is going to prove a pivotal moment for the direction of oil prices in 2019,” BNP Paribas strategist Harry Tchilinguirian told Reuters Global Oil Forum.
“A decision will have to be made against a background of strong U.S. shale oil supply growth, and for now, weaker expectations on global oil demand growth.”
Before the OPEC meeting, the world's top three producers - the United States, Russia and Saudi Arabia - will be part of a meeting this weekend of the Group of 20 industrialised nations in Buenos Aires, Argentina.
China's Xi arrives in Argentina for G20
Oil inventories are rising fast in the United States, where commercial crude stocks C-STK-T-EIA rose by 3.6 million barrels in the week to Nov. 23 to 450.49 million barrels, according to the Energy Information Administration (EIA).
U.S. crude production C-OUT-T-EIA is at a record high of 11.7 million barrels per day (bpd).
Crude reserves increased 6.4 billion barrels, or 19.5 percent, to 39.2 billion barrels at year-end 2017, marginally higher than the previous record of 39 billion barrels set in 1970, the EIA said.
GRAPHIC: U.S. crude oil output & storage levels — tmsnrt.rs/2PvIZ3l
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Reporting by Christopher Johnson in London and Henning Gloystein in Singapore; Editing by Edmund Blair from Reuters.
reuters.com 11 30 2018 09:30 GMT
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