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Iran crisis warps OPEC equation as Saudi Arabia signal more supply


Saudis indicate they could make up for lost Iranian output . Next OPEC meeting will be about production revival: Amrita Sen - Play Video -Fesharaki sees 1.5 million barrels of Iranian oil removed per day.

By Grant Smith and Javier Blas

Petroleumworld 05 11

The international nuclear agreement with Iran might not be the only deal U.S. President Donald Trump has unraveled.

On Monday, Saudi Arabian Energy Minister Khalid Al-Falih was repeating his mantra that production cuts by OPEC and its allies must keep going. Within 48 hours, the kingdom had raised the prospect of increasing output.

Between the two pronouncements came Trump's decision to scrap the Iran deal, re-imposing sanctions on the world's fifth-biggest oil exporter.

“There is a good chance the current OPEC deal will end by end-2018, if not before,” said Ed Morse, head of commodities research at Citigroup Inc. in New York.

For the past 16 months, the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries, Russia and other allies have been constraining output to eliminate a global glut. They've largely achieved that goal, but the Saudis -- keen for higher prices -- have insisted the curbs should continue to drive oil stockpiles even lower.

That policy may falter in the wake of Trump's Iran sanctions. While it's still uncertain how much he intends to curtail Iranian oil shipments, most analysts predict a cutback.

“The Iranian sanctions may change the OPEC June meeting completely,” said Amrita Sen, chief oil analyst at consultants Energy Aspects Ltd. in London. “It's no longer about extending the production cuts, but rather about when to start raising output gradually.”

EU Resistance

When the international sanctions were last in force on Iran from 2012 to 2015, it removed about 1 million barrels a day from the market. This time, America's allies in Europe want to keep the nuclear accord alive and are resisting joining any U.S. embargo. Estimates vary from “little impact” anticipated by Barclays Plc, to a potential loss of more than 50 percent of the country's 2.7 million barrels of daily shipments predicted by consultant FGE.

Reduced flows from Iran would compound escalating losses in troubled OPEC member Venezuela, further draining global oil inventories while demand remains strong, according to Goldman Sachs Group Inc. Brent oil futures rose to a three-year high of $78 a barrel on Thursday.

This presents the Saudis with a dilemma: Should they retain their focus on higher prices and keep output steady? Or should they offer political and economic support to Trump, and take market share away from their regional rival, by raising production to fill the gap?

A statement released by the kingdom a few hours after Trump's announcement seemed to provide the answer. Saudi Arabia will “mitigate the effects of any supply shortages,” it said. Kuwait later gave a similar assurance.

Clear Signal

“The signal from that is: the Iranian oil lost, we will replace,” Fereidun Fesharaki, founder and chairman of FGE, said in a Bloomberg television interview.

Boosting output to compensate for Iran and reining in rising prices would prevent damage to the global economy, and fuel demand. With U.S. gasoline costs rising, the move could also appease President Trump, who last month lashed out at OPEC for keeping prices “artificially very high.”

There are risks too. Increasing supply by too much, or without coordination with fellow producers such as Russia, could inundate markets and drive prices lower. The alliance they established in 2016 could dissolve into mutual rivalry and suspicion.

“OPEC has to engage in some balancing acts,” said Bassam Fattouh, director at the Oxford Institute for Energy Studies. “They want to preserve the deal that they worked very hard to achieve,” he said, referring to the group's historic production cuts.

Saudi Assurance

In a sign that Riyadh is aware of the political sensitivity of any oil-production increase, Al-Falih said in a on Wednesday that he was in “close contact” with other OPEC nations, Russia and the U.S. on how to “ensure market stability.” Sanctions on Iran won't affect the deal between OPEC and its partners, Kuwait Oil Minister Bakheet Al-Rashidi said Thursday.

Much depends on Russia. The Kremlin will have to weigh its alliance with Iran in the Syrian conflict against the new bond forged with Saudi Arabia and the temptation of boosting production of Urals crude that could replace Iranian barrels in Europe.

If the latter argument prevails, President Trump's decision may in fact have finally provided OPEC and Russia, which in 2016 had expected their effort to take just six months, with an exit strategy.

“The Saudi oil policy has been forced to change,” said Olivier Jakob, managing director at Petromatrix GmbH in Zug, Switzerland. “The OPEC-Russia supply restriction is seeing its last days.”

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Story by Grant Smith and Javier Blas from Bloomberg. 05 09 2018

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