México

Guyana

Trinidad
& Tobago

 




Very usefull links



PW
Bookstore





News links

AP

AFP

Aljazeera

Dow Jones

Oil price

Reuters

Bloomberg

Views and News
from
Norway

 

 

 

 

 

Pemex needs more than money to turn itself around

Bloomberg

Pemex, the most indebted oil company in the world

- Mexico president to add new aid package to existing tax breaks
- Ending reforms may put company at a disadvantage, analysts say

By Amy Stillman / Bloomberg

MEXICO CITY
Petroleumworld 02 08 2019

The Mexican government's planned aid package for Petroleos Mexicanos could be slapping on a Band-Aid when a tourniquet is needed to stem the bleeding.

Pemex, the most indebted oil company in the world, saw its annual oil output fall to the lowest since at least 1990 last year, and Fitch Ratings downgraded its bonds last week to one notch above junk. Now Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador, Mexico's new president, is promising to announce within days a financial aid package for the company that will buttress the 66 billion pesos in tax breaks over six years that was announced last month.

It's welcome, analysts say, but don't expect a quick turnaround. At the same time Lopez Obrador is pouring money into Pemex, he's dialed back on energy reforms that let the company share its development costs with other producers, and suspended auctions that let private explorers bid on the rights to drill Mexico's promising oil blocks.

“It's erroneous to assume that money alone will fix Pemex's problems, such as inefficient use of capital, operational issues and poor administration for projects,” said Alejandra Leon, an analyst at IHS Markit in Mexico City. The new government “is trying to go against the current," she said. "But now everything's going to go a lot slower.”

At a time when Mexico should be reaping the benefits of added demand for crude in the wake of U.S. sanctions on Venezuela and global market turmoil, it can't even produce enough light oil for its own refineries. Its proven reserves have fallen to just a quarter of what they were almost two decades ago.

Mexican light crude grades such as Olmeca and Isthmus have vanished from the global market because of output declines. And in November and December, Pemex was forced to import U.S. oil from the Bakken shale play in North Dakota to feed its refineries, of which two out of six have been shut for months for maintenance.

"Pemex has had very little capability for many years, but the reforms were a light at the end of the tunnel that's now been shut off,” said IHS Markit's Leon. “There's very little confidence in what Pemex will do in the future.”

Pemex's biggest onshore discovery in recent years, the billion-barrel Ixachi field that promises to add 80,000 daily barrels of condensate and 720 million cubic feet per day of gas in four years, will be developed without partners, Pemex has said. But analysts remain skeptical.

“Ixachi is the only project in Pemex's accelerated development plan that has any big potential and there's no one in Mexico that has experience to develop it because it's high pressure, high temperature,” said John Padilla, managing director of energy consultant IPD Latin America LLC.

1970s Blowout

“The last time it drilled at high pressure, high temperature was the 1970s big Ixtoc blowout,” Padilla added, referring to the 1979 Ixtoc platform blast in Campeche, one of the world's largest oil spills at more than three million barrels.

Pemex's other promising offshore projects are “on standby,” Leon said. That includes deep-water Nobilis-Maximino and Ayin-Batsil that were originally planned to be re-tendered this year under new terms, as well as technically challenging heavy oilfields like Ayatsil.

Marginal Fields

The fiscal measures could “be helpful for marginal fields, assets that you were border-line making money on, or in some cases losing money on,” said Pablo Medina, vice president of Welligence Energy Analytics in Houston. But "what you really need," he said, “is a massive program for farm-outs” that allow Pemex to both share the cost of bigger projects with private producers, and access their expertise.

Private companies in Mexico have had good results, noted Medina. Mexico's shallow-water Zama field was discovered in 2017 by Talos Energy LLC, Premier Oil PLC and Sierra Oil & Gas S de RL de CV, and is believed to hold two billion barrels of oil equivalent.

The same year, Italy's Eni Spa also found an estimated two billion barrels in an area comprising the Amoca, Mizton and Tecoalli shallow-water oil fields in the southern Gulf of Mexico. The Trion field is one of Pemex's few deep-water projects; it's operated by BHP Billiton Ltd.

Original article

 

_________________________



We invite you to join us as a sponsor.

Circulated Videos, Articles, Opinions and Reports which carry your name and brand are used to target Entrepreneurs through our site, promoting your organization’s services. The opportunity is to insert in our stories pages short attention-grabbing videos, or to publish your own feature stories.

_________________________

Story by Amy Stillman from Bloomberg.


bloomberg.com 02 07 2019

_________________________

We invite all our readers to share with us
their views and comments about this article.

Write to editor@petroleumworld.com

By using this link, you agree to allow PW
to publish your comments on our letters page.

Any question or suggestions,
please write to: editor@petroleumworld.com

Best Viewed with IE 5.01+ Windows NT 4.0, '95, '98,ME,XP, Vista, Windows 7,8,10 +/ 800x600 pixels

Twitter: @petroleumworld1


 

TOP

Contact: editor@petroleumworld.com,

Editor & Publisher:Elio Ohep/
Contact Email: editor@petroleumworld.com

CopyRight © 1999-2019, Elio Ohep A. - All Rights Reserved. Legal Information

PW in Top 100 Energy Sites

CopyRight©1999-2019, Petroleumworld ™  / Elio Ohep - All rights reserved

 

This site is a public free site and it contains copyrighted material the use of which has not always been specifically authorized by the copyright owner.We are making such material available in our efforts to advance understanding of business, environmental, political, human rights, economic, democracy, scientific, and social justice issues, etc. We believe this constitutes a 'fair use' of any such copyrighted material as provided for in section 107 of the US Copyright Law. In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107, the material on this site is distributed without profit to those who have chosen to view the included information for research, information, and educational purposes. For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml. If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond 'fair use', you must obtain permission fromPetroleumworld or the copyright owner of the material.