Iran's armada of fuel vessels bound to Venezuela disdaining U.S. sanctions
- First of three vessels with gasoline entered local waters
- Sanctions-hit Venezuelans endure days-long lines to fill up
By Fabiola Serpa/Bloomberg
Petroleumworld 09 28 2020
The first vessel in an Iranian convoy of ships bringing desperately needed fuel arrived in Venezuela, demonstrating both nations' determination to undermine U.S. efforts to isolate the governments in Tehran and Caracas.
The Iranian tanker Forest entered Venezuelan waters early on Monday, according to tanker-tracker data collected by Bloomberg. It's heading to El Palito refinery port, said union leader Ivan Freites. It's one of three vessels bringing hundreds of thousands of barrels of the fuel.
Following years of mismanagement and operational neglect, national oil company Petroleos de Venezuela SA is unable to supply the country with gasoline, idling not only millions of cars and buses but also emergency vehicles and trucks delivering food from farms to cities.
U.S. sanctions restricting PDVSA's ability to import fuel from international markets have worsened what were once sporadic shortages, touching off days-long queues at filling stations and more frequent unrest . The isolation efforts have also fomented closer strategic ties between Iran and Venezuela as most international oil and shipping companies avoid Venezuela for fear of risking punitive measures by the U.S.
On Sunday, General Yahya Rahim-Safavi, a military adviser to Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, said Iran had received gold bars from Venezuela by plane as payment for gasoline shipments, the semi-official Mehr news agency reported.
“We gave Venezuela gasoline and received gold bars, and we took the gold to Iran on a plane so that nothing could happen to it along the way,” the general said, according to Mehr.
Two more tankers, the Fortune and Faxon, are expected to arrive in the coming days. This is the second time Iran has provided gasoline to Venezuela since the end of May, when a flotilla of five vessels discharged nearly 1.5 million barrels of Iranian gasoline and fuel additives, as well as parts for local refineries. Iran's foreign ministry has said any attempt by the U.S. to stop them will be met with “a swift and decisive response.”
Iran's shipments signal Tehran's commitment to aiding its South American ally despite U.S. efforts to stymie such cooperation. In August, the U.S. seized the cargoes of four vessels carrying 1.1 million barrels of Iranian gasoline ostensibly headed for Venezuela. The move was described as the U.S. government's “largest-ever seizure of fuel shipments from Iran” by the Department of Justice, which said the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps, designated a foreign terrorist organization, was behind the shipment.
U.S. special envoy to Venezuela and Iran Elliot Abrams said recently U.S. sanctions on Venezuela convinced Russia and China not to sell gasoline to Nicolas Maduro's regime and alluded to possible “snap back” sanctions in the coming days.
PDVSA and Venezuela's information ministry declined to comment on the shipments.
— With assistance by Golnar Motevalli
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